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Measles Outbreaks in Europe (Update 11)

13 Dec 2017

On 9 December 2017 the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)reported measles continues to be transmitted in Europe, with the potential for further spread. Lack of vaccination, or incomplete vaccination remains an obstacle to controlling the outbreaks.

Austria has reported 93 cases from 1 January and 1 December 2017.

Germany has reported 904 cases between 1 January to 12 November 2017.

Greece has reported 690 cases (including 2 deaths) from 17 May and 3 December 2017, Incidence in high in the south of the country.

Ireland has reported 39 cases from 1 January to 26 November 2017.

Italy has reported 4 854 cases (including 4 deaths) from 1 January to 28 November 2017.

Romania has reported 10 010 cases( including 36 deaths) from 1 January 2016 to 1 December 2017. Of these, 1 969 were in 2016 and 8 041 were in 2017.

Spain has reported 162 cases from 1 January to 26 November 2017.

The UK reports  ongoing outbreaks in England. As of 8 December 2017 the affected areas are Leeds (28 cases), Liverpool (18 cases), Birmingham (13 cases), Surrey (7 cases) and Manchester (4 cases) All of these cases are children or adults who have not received 2 doses of the MMR vaccine.

Kosovo has reported over 800 cases (including 2 deaths), from 1 January 21 November in 2017, according to media.

Serbia has reported 322 cases from 1 October to 1 December 2017.

Ukraine has reported measles in the following regions in 2017: Zaporozhye (122 cases), Ivano-Frankivsk (731 cases), Zakarpattya (116 cases), Odessa (812 cases, including 2 deaths), Lviv (61 cases), Bukovina (190 cases), Kiev (79 cases), Volyn (34 cases) and Ternopil (70 cases).

Advice for Travellers

Travel may increase an individual’s risk of exposure to measles virus, and facilitate the spread of disease to unvaccinated and susceptible populations. Two doses of MMR vaccine, at least one month apart, are required to give adequate protection.

It should be confirmed that children have received their recommended doses of MMR at 12-13 months of age and again pre-school around 3 years 4 months. Unvaccinated adults who have not had measles themselves should seek advice from a healthcare professional regarding measles vaccination.

For further information see Measles.