Cholera in Nigeria
30 Jun 2017
The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) reports that as of 20 June 2017 a total of 1429 suspected cases and ten deaths (case fatality rate 0.7%) have been reported in Kwara State in the West of the country. The number of cases increased by 18% compared with the previous week: the large increase is attributed to active case finding activities. NCDC notes that the cholera season has begun in Nigeria and records cases from other States.
NCDC continues to coordinate support to Kwara State.
Advice to Travellers
Prevention is focused on ensuring safe water and food, particularly in countries where cholera is more common or where outbreaks occur (see individual country record). Food and drink to be wary of include untreated water, ice, shellfish, salads, unwashed fruit and vegetables.
Good personal hygiene is essential. Individuals should ensure that they wash their hands frequently, prior to eating and after visiting the bathroom.
A vaccine is available to protect against cholera but as the risk to most travellers is very low, it is only recommended in the following circumstances:
- Volunteers/aid workers/medical personnel in disaster relief situations where cholera outbreaks likely.
- Those travelling to work in slums/refugee camps, areas affected by natural disasters, or countries experiencing cholera outbreaks and where care with food and water is difficult or not possible.
For further information see Cholera