The outbreak of meningococcal meningitis in Nigeria has been confirmed by the World Health Organisation (WHO). Laboratory testing has identified Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C as the strain associated with the outbreak.
Between 26 January and 5 March 2015, the Federal Ministry of Health notified WHO of 652 suspected cases of meningococcal meningitis, including 50 deaths. Cases have been reported in 10 local government areas of 2 states, Kebbi and Sokoto.
Suspected cases have been identified in Zamfara state, however, this has yet to be confirmed.
Advice for Travellers
In Nigeria, the meningococcal season generally runs from December-June. Immunisation is available for those considered to be at risk:
- Travellers who are likely to have close, prolonged contact with the local population.
- Long stay travellers.
- Those visiting friends and relatives.
- Those who will be exposed to crowded areas (e.g. stadia, schools, hospitals).
- Travellers visiting an area affected by an ongoing outbreak or epidemic.
Further information on meningococcal meningitis.