On 29 October 2012, Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Health notified the World Health Organization (WHO) of a yellow fever outbreak in seven localities in Central and South Darfur.
As of 31 October 2012, a total of 98 suspected cases, including 42 deaths, have been reported from the districts of Zalingei, Nertity, Wadisalih, Azoom, Nyala, Mershing, and Kass. 82.6% of the reported cases are from Central Darfur.
Sixteen samples were collected from suspected cases of which 3 tested positive for yellow fever at the Central Public Health Laboratory in Khartoum. The International Coordination Group has been alerted for vaccines for a possible reactive vaccination campaign awaiting reconfirmation by Institute Pasteur in Senegal.
Advice for Travellers
There is a risk of yellow fever in areas south of the Sahara Desert and vaccination is advised for travellers to these parts (unless contraindicated). Darfur is a large region in the west of Sudan, most of which lies south of the Sahara Desert. Travellers should also take steps to avoid mosquito bites.