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Travel health information for people travelling abroad from the UK

The British National Vaccination Schedule

This advice is based upon advice from the UK Joint Committee for Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI). The final decision on whether to receive these vaccines is dependant upon agreement between the patient, parent and the administering doctor or nurse.

At Birth

  • Tuberculosis (BCG) for those with infected or previously infected family members; all babies living in UK areas where the incidence of TB is 40/100 000 or greater, babies whose parents or grandparents were born in a country with a TB prevalence of 40/100 000 or higher. Immigrants from countries with a high prevalence of tuberculosis and their children and infants.
  • Hepatitis B for babies born to mothers who are chronic carriers of hepatitis B virus or to mothers who have had acute hepatitis B during pregnancy plus their close family members.

At 2 months

  • Diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, inactivated poliomyelitis and Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP/IPV/Hib)
  • Meningococcal B (Bexsero®)
  • Pneumococcal (PCV)
  • Rotavirus (oral preparation, Rotarix®)

At 3 months

  • Diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, inactivated poliomyelitis and Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP/IPV/Hib)
  • Meningococcal serogroup C (MenC)
  • Rotavirus (oral preparation, Rotarix®)

At 4 months

  • Diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, inactivated poliomyelitis and Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP/IPV/Hib)
  • Meningococcal B (Bexsero®)
  • Pneumococcal (PCV)

Between 12-13 months

  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) / Meningococcal serogroup C (MenC) combined
  • Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR)
  • Meningococcal B (Bexsero®)
  • Pneumococcal (PCV)

Between 2-6 years

  • Influenza vaccine (live nasal preparation Fluenz Tetra® or inactivated vaccine)

Between 3 years 4  months - 5 years - before primary school entrance

  • Diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis and inactivated poliomyelitis (dTaP/IPV)
  • Measles, mumps, rubella booster (MMR)

Between 12-13 years (Girls only)

  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination was introduced in the UK from September 2008.

Around 14 years

  • Tetanus, low dose diphtheria and inactivated poliomyelitis boosters (Td/IPV)
  • Meningococcal serogroup ACWY

Adults

  • Tetanus and poliomyelitis boosters 10 yearly only for those at risk of soil contaminated wounds (tetanus), or health care workers (poliomyelitis). Travellers may warrant 10 yearly toxoid boosters when they are going to countries where post-exposure tetanus immunoglobulin will not be available.
  • First time entrants to higher education in a university setting under 25 years of age should be offered meningococcal ACWY vaccine to boost antibody levels prior to starting.
  • In 2013, pertussis vaccine was introduced for pregnant women between 16-32 weeks gestation (can be given later). This is given in order to protect the infant from pertussis via maternal antibodies until such times as the infant can be immunised.
  • In 2013, herpes zoster (shingles) vaccine was introduced for adults aged 70 years.

All Ages

  • Hepatitis B for those likely to be in close contact with carriers or at occupational risk e.g. health care workers.
  • Influenza for those at risk of serious disease or complications, including travellers in these risk categories going the epidemic areas.
  • Pneumococcal for those at risk of serious disease or complications, including travellers in these risk categories going the epidemic areas.

Summary Chart

UK Childhood Immunisation Schedule
 

DTaP/
IPV/
Hib

PCV

Rota
virus

MenBMenCMen ACWYHibMMRFlu

dTaP/
IPV

BCG

Td/
IPV

HPV

Key:

  • DTaP/IPV/Hib - Diphtheria - Tetanus - acellular Pertussis - inactivated Poliomyelitis - Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine.
  • Flu - Influenza, either live nasal preparation or inactivated injectable vaccine.
  • MenB - Meningococcal serogroup B vaccine.
  • MenC - Meningococcal serogroup C conjugate vaccine.
  • PCV - Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.
  • MMR - Measles, Mumps, and Rubella vaccine.
  • dTaP/IPV - low dose Diphtheria - tetanus - acellular Pertussis - inactivated Poliomyelitis.
  • BCG - Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (for tuberculosis).
  • Td/IPV - Tetanus - low dose Diphtheria - inactivated Poliomyelitis.
  • HPV - Human papillomavirus vaccine.

* At risk groups for tuberculosis as detailed above

At birth *                        
2 months                  
3 months                    
4 months                    
12-13 months                
2-6 years                        
3-5 years                      
12-13 years                        
14 years                      

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